I have described my understanding of “transformation” in an earlier post. This post is a brief description from a slightly different perspective for a secular audience, and a brief description for a Christian audience.
First description…Transformation is change in the deepest part of one’s being that puts loving Creator of all universes and every neighbor, known and unknown, at the center of one’s worldview.
Personal Transformation is initiated by the Creator of all universes. Engaging in transformation involves:
- Becoming aware of how my beliefs, attitudes, ways I interact with others are harmful to facilitating transformation in others.
- Replacing obstructive practices with non-obstructive ones. Typically this will require dependence on the Creator for guidance and strength to sustain various changes in beliefs, attitudes and practices. A Spiritual Director can help with this.
- Taking care of my own sets of needs for the purpose of being better prepared to enable and encourage transformation in others (putting on their new self and living out of it minute by minute).
Second description…Transformation is much more than change. Transformation is profound holistic change at the root of being. A transformed person is sustained by kingdom values. A transformed society is sustained by kingdom values. Any individual or social change that does not involve living by kingdom values is not transformation.
One outcome of Transformation is more clarity on one’s true vocation as children of God. That vocation is to be more loving and just in their relationships with self, with each other, with the community, with God, and with their environment.
Another outcome is willingness to confront evil in their personal lives and in the community. Suffering that restores right relationships is an integral part of transformational development; Jesus on the cross is an essential image for understanding transformational development.
This post contains links to six brief slide shows that provide orientation to five distinctive features of Transformative Evaluation. The shows are in PDF format.
94orientation1 TE overview…Brief description of each critical feature of TE. Includes a group exercise to see if people in an agency want to explore implications for the agency.
orientation2 core belief2018…Description of the core belief that justifies TE as an approach to evaluation for a Christian agency. This presentation was updated 11/28/2018.
orientation3 TE theory of program change JAN 2019…Description of the theory of change in individuals and institutions for transformational community development (TD), which is the primary evaluand for TE. TE is developed by Christians for Christians who facilitate TD. This presentation was updated 01/22/2019.
94orientation4 TE overview…One critical feature of TE is aligning evaluation practices with Christian worldview. The concept of objectivity is given special attention. There is a more detailed description of objectivity at objectivity-in-te.
94Orientation5 Mission Results in TE…Description of mission results that can be achieved through TE.
Orientation6 Spiritual Disciplines in TE JAN 2019…Description of use of four spiritual disciplines in TE.
Search for other posts related to topics that interest you. As always, constructive critiques are welcome.
T4 Global Ministries describes transformational training as a process that “that leads to a deep, structure shift in how people interpret the world around them, including how they relate to other people, to their environment and to God. Instead of generating only changes in knowledge, attitude and behavior, transformational training generates changes in worldview. It is the kind of change that moves a person or a community from despair to hope, from helplessness to self-reliance, from corruption to trustworthiness.” (www.T4Global.org, about us)
These are the characteristics of desirable TD results inspired by this vision for transformational training:
- A deep shift in how people interpret their world, especially regarding how they relate to each other, their environment, and God.
- Emergence of hope from despair.
- Emergence from powerlessness of the poor to equitable inclusive power sharing.
TD is development that goes beyond improvement of well-being to redemptive social justice and restoration of individuals as children of God.
Note April 2017. T4 Global Ministries has changed its name to Spoken Worldwide, www.spoken.org. The description of transformational training stated above is no longer on the website; but the organization clearly is committed to holistic ministry.
I have developed a general framework for comparing different approaches to evaluation. The framework is based on seven aspects of an evaluation exercise.
Note February 2017. Click this link to see the framework; continue reading for an application of the framework to TE. Evaluation Model as a Concept
In this paper I describe those seven aspects of a particular approach to evaluating a transformational community development program that I call transformative evaluation (TE). I also contrast the TE description with the analogous aspects found in some other approaches to evaluation. There may be common features between approaches but I emphasize those features that set TE apart from other approaches.
My model for TE is not carved in stone. Each time I prepare it the result can differ in some aspects from previous presentations. But the seven elements of the framework remain constant. In April 2015 my summary of the model is:
Transformative evaluation examines transformational community development programs. The primary focus for TE is to facilitate deeper understanding of what really matters in community development, with emphasis on development programs as a vehicle for facilitating individual and social transformation from within a Christian worldview. Primary stakeholders, including representatives of faith groups in the community, participate with the evaluator in making major decisions throughout the exercise. The evaluation design and implementation are consistent with a constructivist paradigm for inquiry along with principles for thinking and acting holistically.
This file describes the TE model in detail. LINK: 78Evaluation Model for TE for evalFrank2 It may take several careful readings before you feel comfortable in summarizing the primary features of the model and contrasting them with other evaluation models.
This file is cited in the detailed file for the model. LINK: http://evalfrank.com/2014/11/frame-for-thinking-about-te/
I had the privilege of talking about being Christian first and science practitioner second at the winter conference of the Southern California chapter of the American Scientific Affiliation on February 7 2015.
Here are the links to the materials that I prepared for the presentation.
Presentation Paper → Christian First Practitioner Second
Presentation Slides → Christian First Practitioner Second slides
List of worldview books and internet sites → worldview reading
How good is this program, really?
An evaluation rubric “paints a picture of what the evidence should look like at different levels of performance” (Davidson, 2013, p. 24). It is a set of descriptions, ideally created by key stakeholders working together, of what particular conditions will look like when a program is performing excellently, satisfactorily, or poorly.
Click link for information and an example for transformation development → Evaluation Rubrics
The primary aim of evangelistic intent in community development is to facilitate development thinking and activities that provoke the question to which the gospel of Jesus Christ is the answer. The attached file describes categories of standards and indicators for evangelistic intent. I welcome questions, suggestions and challenges.
Clink link Monitoring Evangelistic Intent
For background information on my approach to project monitoring,
Reflect on James 4:13-17
© World Vision International 2000, All Rights Reserved. No part of this document or any of its contents may be reproduced, copied, modified or adapted, without the prior written consent of the author.
This passage reminds me that ambitious planning may become an obstacle to getting closer to God. When my attention is focused on achieving greater things I forget to seek what almighty God, creator of all things large and small, wants me to do.
Evaluation of transformational development should examine motives behind development planning. Why did agency staff set particular goals for their work? What is the relationship between their personal goals and the way they work with community members?
Why did community leaders and others set the development goals in the program that is being evaluated? Is the primary motive to satisfy worldly ambitions or is it to bring members of the community in closer relationship with our merciful God?
Lord, help me focus my evaluation work on values related to your kingdom on earth. Amen.
Program evaluation for community development usually provides information about people’s progress in attaining specific standards regarding quality of life. Are there unique standards within transformational development?
Reflect on I Corinthians 1:18 – 2:5
Click this link → meditation7
Meditate on Luke 18:31-34
Jesus steadfastly set his face toward Jerusalem, for the journey to Jerusalem was God’s purpose for his life. “The great thing to remember is that we go to Jerusalem to fulfill God’s purpose, not our own… in the Christian life we have no aim of our own (Chambers).”
Transformational development program stakeholders have a general purpose: to enable individual and social transformation by achieving the program goals. A key objective of transformative evaluation is to assist program stakeholders to understand at a deeper level what really matters in development. As an evaluator I will examine evidence related to accomplishment of program goals. But as a transformative evaluator I will work with stakeholders to facilitate humble exploration of their expectations in the light of God’s word.